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Waste & Remediation

Waste & Remediation (Soil & Groundwater) Research Cluster  W&R Current Projects

This Cluster covers new approaches involving all aspects of waste management (Industrial and Municipal) and site remediation including waste (source) reduction, minimization and treatment, and soil and groundwater remediation:

  • Overall Approach (Pollution Prevention Ideology).
    • Pollution should be prevented or reduced at the source whenever feasible.
    • Pollution that cannot be prevented should be recycled.
    • What cannot be recycled should be treated and disposed in an environmentally safe manner.
    • Monitoring including monitoring of natural attenuation rates.
  • Waste Management.
    • Pollution Prevention: source reduction, waste minimization, toxicity reduction.
    • Beneficial Reuse (resource identification, recycle, new products, industrial residues and by products, energy generation).
    • Treatment (chemical, physical, biological) and disposal.
  • Site and Ecosystem Remediation (Soil, Sediments and Groundwater).
    • Pollutants (petroleum hydrocarbons, chlorinated hydrocarbons, heavy metals, …).
    • Fate and transport (F&T).
    • Health and environmental impacts.
    • Treatment (chemical, physical, biological) approaches (in-situ, ex-situ).
    • Verification of remediation outcome.
  • Sustainability.
    • Economics and LCA of Waste Management and Site Remediation practices.
    • Use of Carbon accounting and Cost Benefit analysis.

Targetted research topics include:

Waste Management.

  • Reduction/Elimination (Pollution Prevention).
    • Product Design: Innovation in product design to reduce detrimental impacts of waste.
    • Product/Component Replacement.
    • Process modifications to minimize waste.
  • Beneficial Reuse (Recycle, New Products).
    • Added value from anaerobic digestion processes.
    • Waste to energy.
    • Enhancing sustainability.
  • Treatment and Disposal.
    • Biological waste sludge reduction.
    • Technologies for improved treatment of liquid waste.
    • Minimizing heavy crude oil impacts in petroleum industry.


  • Pollutants (organics and inorganics).
  • Fate & Transport.
  • Health and Environmental Impacts.
  • Treatment Approaches.
    • Ex-situ and in-situ.
    • Aggressive and passive approaches.
    • Physical, chemical and biological.
  • Verification of remediation outcomes.
    • Uncertainties.
    • Risk analysis.

Cross cutting themes with other clusters.

  • Non technical barriers.
  • Technology maturity.
  • Monitoring.
  • Development of less energy intensive clean-up technologies.
  • Impact of contaminated groundwater on surface water quality and wastewater treatment systems.
  • Education.
    • Public perception of technology and acceptance.
    • Policy and planning

Contact Information

The Questor Centre
David Keir Building
Stranmillis Road
Belfast BT9 5AG

Tel +4428 9097 5577
Fax +4428 9066 1462


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